English-Norwegian translation of alkaloid

Translation of the word alkaloid from english to norwegian, with synonyms, antonyms, verb conjugation, pronunciation, anagrams, examples of use.

alkaloid in Norwegian

chemistrynoun alkaloid [u]
Synonyms for alkaloid
Derived terms of alkaloid
Similar words


Definitions of alkaloid
1. alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
  organic compound any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
  atropine a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  hyoscyamine a poisonous crystalline alkaloid (isometric with atropine but more potent); used to treat excess motility of the gastrointestinal tract
  pilocarpine cholinergic alkaloid used in eyedrops to treat glaucoma
  hyoscine, scopolamine an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures; "transdermal scopolamine is used to treat motion sickness"; "someone sedated with scopolamine has difficulty lying"
  physostigmine used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
  cinchonine an alkaloid derivative of the bark of cinchona trees that is used as an antimalarial drug
  ephedrine white odorless powdered or crystalline alkaloid from plants of the genus Ephedra (especially Ephedra sinica) or made synthetically; used as a bronchodilator to treat bronchitis and asthma
  ergonovine, ergotrate maleate an alkaloid derived from ergot (trade name Ergotrate Maleate) that is less toxic than ergot; induces muscular contraction of the uterus and is administered after childbirth or abortion
  ergotamine an alkaloid derived from ergot that is less toxic than ergot; causes constriction of blood vessels and is used to treat migraine
  pseudoephedrine poisonous crystalline alkaloid occurring with ephedrine and isomorphic with it
  nicotine an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
  strychnine an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
  brucine a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
  betaine a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beets
  caffein, caffeine a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  rauwolfia any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives
  curare, tubocurarine a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles; "curare acts by blocking cholinergic transmission at the myoneural junction"
 = Synonym    = Antonym    = Related word
Alkaloids are a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds which mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms. This group also includes some related compounds with neutral and even weakly acidic properties. Also some synthetic compounds of similar structure are attributed to alkaloids.

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